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Why Nusantara has been selected as the new capital of Indonesia?

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 21, Jan 2022
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The capital of Indonesia is being shifted from Jakarta to East Kalimantan, and will be called Nusantara (situated to the east of Borneo island).

What is the reason for this?

  1. Increasing environmental issues that Jakarta has been facing.
  2. Financial inequality.
  3. Increasing population in Jakarta.
  4. Jakarta has also been sinking and it has been said that if nothing was done, many parts of the city would submerge underwater by 2050. Indonesia is prone to floods, and Jakarta is surrounded by multiple rivers.

Where is East Kalimantan?

  • East Kalimantan is 2,300 kilometres from Jakarta on the eastern side of Borneo island, shared by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.
  • The new capital will be located in the North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara regions. East Kalimantan is an area with immense water resources and habitable terrain.


East Kalimantan is rich in flora and fauna. Therefore, many environmentalists and activists have warned that moving the capital to East Kalimantan would lead to massive deforestation and put the habitat of these animals and trees in danger and damage the ecosystem.

What are the other countries that have changed capitals?

Indonesia is not the first country to change its capital city. There has been a long list of countries that have changed their capitals for various reasons.

  • Brazil changed its capital city from Rio De Janerio to Brasilia, a more centrally-located city, in 1960.
  • In 1991, Nigeria hanged the country’s capital from Lagos to Abuja.
  • Kazakhstan moved its capital city from Almaty, which is still its commercial centre, to Nur-Sultan in 1997.
  • Myanmar changed its capital from Rangoon to Naypyidaw in 2005.