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The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill 2021.

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 18, Aug 2021
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Why in News?

More than a year after the Union Cabinet approved a proposal to amend the list of Scheduled Tribes in Arunachal Pradesh, Parliament last week passed the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Bill 2021.


  • The Bill seeks to amend the nomenclature of certain tribes from Arunachal Pradesh mentioned in the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950.

What does the Bill amend?

  • The bill modified Part-XVIII of the Schedule to the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950which is related to the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Part-XVIII lists 16 tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The Bill corrects the names of tribes spelt incorrectly, and adds names of a few tribes that were either named ambiguously or had their parent group named only.
  • The bill also restores the power of states to identify backward classes.

The five key changes are:

  • Deleting‘Abor’ (tribe), because ‘Adi’ tribe in the list is same as ‘Abor’
  • Changing‘Khampti’ to ‘Tai Khamti’
  • Including ‘Mishmi-Kaman (Miju Mishmi)’, ‘Idu (Mishmi)’ and ‘Taraon (Digaru Mishmi)’ in lieu of Mishmi [Idu, Taroon]
  • Including ‘Monpa’, ‘Memba’, ‘Sartang’, ‘Sajolang (Miji)’ in place of ‘Momba’

Replacing ‘Any Naga Tribes’ with names of 4 tribes:

  • Nocte
  • Tangsa
  • Tutsa
  • Wancho


Facts for Prelims

UP’s Two-Child Policy:

After reviewing over 8,000 suggestions from the public, the Uttar Pradesh State Law Commission has submitted a report and draft Bill of a new population control law (The Uttar Pradesh Population (Control, Stabilisation and Welfare) Bill, 2021) proposing two-child policy to the State government.

  • Special facilities to all families (irrespective of the BPL category) who have only one child and undertake voluntary sterilisation.
  • A person who has more than two children after the law comes into force would be debarred from several benefits such as welfare schemes.
  • On World Population Day (11th July), the Uttar Pradesh government announced a new population policy for 2021-2030.
  • The new policy has provisions to give incentives to those who help in population control.

The new policy aims at:

  • Decreasing the total fertility rate from 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026 and 1.7 by 2030.
  • Increase modern contraceptive prevalence rate from 31.7% to 45% by 2026 and 52% by 2030.
  • Increase male methods of contraception use from 10.8% to 15.1% by 2026 and 16.4% by 2030.
  • Decrease maternal mortality rate from 197 to 150 to 98, and infant mortality rate from 43 to 32 to 22, and under 5 infant mortality rate from 47 to 35 to 25.
  • To increase the accessibility of contraceptive measures issued under the Family Planning Programme and provide a proper system for safe abortion.
  • To reduce the newborns’ and maternal mortality rate.
  • To provide for care of the elderly, and better management of education, health, and nutrition of adolescents between 11 to 19 years.
  • The provision of this legislation shall apply to a married couple where the boy is not less than 21 years of age and the girl is not less than 18.
  • The policy will be voluntary – it will not be enforced upon anyone.


  1. ‘SonChiraiya’ brand and logo has been launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs for marketing of urban Self Help Group (SHG) products.
  2. This initiative will prove to be a right step towards increased visibility and global reach for the products made by the women of urban Self Help Groups.