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Supercomputer Param Pravega

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 05, Feb 2022
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The Indian Institute of Science (IISc.) has installed and commissioned Param Pravega.

Key takeaways 

  • It is one of the most powerful supercomputers in India, and the largest in an Indian academic institution, under the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).
  • The system is expected to power diverse research and educational pursuits. It has a supercomputing capacity of 3.3 petaflops (1015 operations per second).
  • It has been designed by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). 
  • A majority of the components used to build this system have been manufactured and assembled within India.

What is the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM)?

  • The mission was announced in 2015.
  • NSM envisaged setting up a network of 70 high-performance computing facilities with an aim to connect national academic and R&D institutions across India over a seven-year period at an estimated cost of Rs 4500 Crores.
  • Parent Body: Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) and Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • Nodal Agencies of NSM– Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune, and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.
  • Under NSM, the long-term plan is to build a strong base of 20,000 skilled persons over the next five years who will be equipped to handle the complexities of supercomputers.
  • In 2020, a RTI reply revealed that India has produced just three supercomputers since 2015 under NSM
    • PARAM Shivay installed in IIT-BHU, Varanasi with 837 TeraFlop capacity
    • Second one at IIT-Kharagpur with 1.66 PetaFlop capacity
    • PARAM Brahma at ISER-Pune, has a capacity of 797 TeraFlop