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State Health Index: NITI Aayog

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 29, Dec 2021
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Why in News?

  • Recently, NITI Aayog released the fourth edition of the State Health Index for 2019–20.
  • The report, titled “Healthy States, Progressive India”.

About State Health Index

  • It is an annual tool to assess the performance of states and Union Territories(UTs) and has been compiled and published since 2017.
  • It ranks states and Union Territories on their year-on-year incremental performance in health outcomes as well as their overall status.
  • It has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank, and in close consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • Domains: It is a weighted composite index based on 24 indicators grouped under the domains of ‘Health Outcomes’, ‘Governance and Information’, and ‘Key Inputs/Processes’. 
  • Each domain has been assigned weights based on its importance with the higher scores for outcome indicators.
  • Health outcomes, for instance, includes parameters such as neonatal mortality rate, under-5 mortality rate, the sex ratio at birth.
  •  Governance includes parameters such as institutional deliveries, average occupancy of senior officers in key posts earmarked for health.
  • The‘ key inputs’ domain consists of the proportion of shortfall in health care providers to what is recommended, functional medical facilities, birth and death registration and tuberculosis treatment success rate.
  • Aims: To nudge states/UTs towards building robust health systems and improving service delivery.
  • This has been instrumental in shifting the focus from budget spending and inputs to outputs and outcomes.

Major Findings 

  • The ranking is categorized as ‘The Larger States’, ‘Smaller States’ and ‘Union Territories’ to ensure comparison among similar entities.
  • Among the ‘Larger States’, in terms of annual incremental performance, Uttar Pradesh, Assam and Telangana are the top three ranking states.


Desmond Tutu

Early Life: 

  • He was born in 1931 in Klerksdorp, Transvaal. His father was a teacher, and he himself was educated at Johannesburg Bantu High School and in 1954 he graduated from the University of South Africa.


  • He worked as a teacher and recalled how the system of educating blacks infuriated him.
  • He quit teaching in 1957 to join the church and was ordained as a priest in 1961.
  • In 1975 he was appointed Dean of St. Mary’s Cathedral in Johannesburg, the first black to hold that position.
  • He was named the first Black Archbishop of Cape Town in 1986.
  • He is an honorary doctor of a number of leading universities in the USA, Britain and Germany.


  • He is regarded as a contemporary anti-apartheid icon Nelson Mandela and became the face of the moment outside the country.
  • He was one of the driving forces behind the movement to end racial segregation and discrimination by the white minority government in South Africa from 1948 till the year 1991.
  • He spearheaded grassroots campaigns around the world that fought against apartheid.
  • He has been regarded as an outspoken human rights activist who highlighted and spoke out on a range of issues around the world including climate change, Israel-Palestine conflict, among others.

Kaavi Art

  • Recently, the Prime Minister of India praised a Goan artist’s efforts to revive the centuries-old Kaavi art form.

About Kaavi Art

  • It is a form of painting on the inner and outer walls of the sacred spaces.
  • It covers the ancient history of India in itself.
  • Actually, ‘Kaava’ means red soil. In ancient times, red clay was used in this art.
  • It is found in the Konkan region of the country, especially in temples of Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
  • During the Portuguese rule in Goa, people who migrated from there introduced the people of other states to this wonderful painting form.