Get the most updated and recent current affair content on


  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 24, Feb 2022
Image Not Found

Why in News?

On the occasion of World Toilet Day, Union minister launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, aimed to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless absolutely unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene.


  • It aims to ensure that no life of any sewer or septic tank cleaner is ever lost again owing to the issue of ‘hazardous cleaning.
  • To ensure the safety and dignity of sanitation workers at the core of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U).
  • It  is also aimed at preventing ‘hazardous cleaning’ of sewers and septic tanks.
  • to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021.


The Government of India has legislated The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and Rehabilitation Act, 2013 to protect manual sewer cleaners.

The act aims to prohibit manual entry into a sewer without protective gears.


  • The Supreme Court of India, in 2014, made it mandatory to provide Rs 10 lakhs as compensation to the families of those who have died during sewerage works.
  • The Central Government is currently demolishing insanitary latrines.
  • It provides rehabilitation package to the manual scavengers.
  • It includes access to education for children of former manual scavengers, alternate livelihood and other skill development


NASA’s Perseverance rover:

  • Following its safe arrival on Mars on February 19, 2021, NASA’s Perseverance rover has already spent a whole Earth year on the planet.
  • During its time on the Red Planet, the rover has accomplished a number of firsts on its ambitious to-do list, including:
  • The first rock cores from another planet were discovered and collected.
  • The base station for the Ingenuity helicopter was located here.
  • The process of extracting oxygen from sparse Martian air.
  • When it travelled over 320 metres on February 14, it set a new world record for the greatest distance travelled on Mars by a single rover in a single day.
  • MOXIE, the world’s first prototype oxygen generator, was put through its paces on Mars (Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment).