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National Commission for Scheduled Tribes

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 22, Mar 2022
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Reference News:-

A parliamentary committee has said in a recent report that the National Commission for Scheduled Tribes has been dysfunctional for the past four years and has not delivered a single report to Parliament.

  • According to the commission’s website, in the financial year 2021-22, it has met only four times. 
  • Its rate of pendency of resolution of complaints and cases that it receives is close to 50%.

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

  • NCST was set up with effect from 19th February, 2004 by amending Article 338 and by inserting a new article 338A in the Constitution through the 89th Constitution Amendment Act, 2003. 
  • Hence, it is a constitutional body.
  • Powers: It oversees the implementation of various safeguards provided to STs under the Constitution and to evaluate the working of such safeguards.
    • The commission is vested with all the powers of a civil court while investigating any matter on inquiring into any complaint relating to deprivation of rights and safeguards for the Scheduled Tribes
  • Composition: It consists of a Chairperson, a Vice-Chairperson and 3 other Members who are appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal.
    • At least one member should be a woman.
    • The Chairperson, the Vice-Chairperson and the other Members hold office for a term of 3 years.
    • The members are not eligible for appointment for more than two terms.