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Monetary Policy Committee

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 12, Feb 2022
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The Reserve Bank of India maintained status quo in policy rates as the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) voted unanimously to keep the policy repo rate at 4% to keep the stance accommodative.

Key takeaways 

  • Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate and bank rate will remain unchanged at 4.25%.
  • Reverse repo rate will also remain unchanged at 3.35%.
  • GDP Projection: Real GDP growth for 2022-23 was projected at 7.8%.
  • Accommodative Stance: It decided to continue with an accommodative stance as long as necessary to revive and sustain growth and continue to mitigate the impact of Covid-19 on the economy, while ensuring that inflation remains within the target going forward.
    • An accommodative stance means a central bank will cut rates to inject money into the financial system whenever needed

Key Terms

  • Repo rate is the rate at which the central bank of a country (RBI in case of India) lends money to commercial banks in the event of any shortfall of funds. Here, the central bank purchases the security.
  • Reverse repo rate is the rate at which the RBI borrows money from commercial banks within the country.
  • Bank Rate: It is the rate charged by the RBI for lending funds to commercial banks.
  • Marginal Standing Facility (MSF): MSF is a window for scheduled banks to borrow overnight from the RBI in an emergency situation when interbank liquidity dries up completely.

What is Monetary Policy Committee?

  • Urjit Patel committee in 2014 recommended the establishment of the Monetary Policy Committee.
  • It is a statutory and institutionalized framework under the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, for maintaining price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth.
  • Composition: Six members (including the Chairman) – three officials of the RBI and three external members nominated by the Government of India. 
    • The Governor of RBI is ex-officio Chairman of the committee
  • Functions: The MPC determines the policy interest rate (repo rate) required to achieve the inflation target (presently 4%). Decisions are taken by majority with the RBI Governor having the casting vote in case of a tie.