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Lassa Fever

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 17, Feb 2022
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Why in  News?

  • A person has died after three cases of Lassa fever were confirmed in the UK. The cases have been linked to travel to West African countries.

What is Lassa?


  • The Lassa fever-causing virus is found in West Africa and was first discovered in 1969 in Lassa, Nigeria.


  • The fever is spread by rats and is primarily found in countries in West Africa including Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, and Nigeria where it is endemic.
  • Human beings can transmit the virus to each other through contact with infected bodily fluids.


  • Slight fever, fatigue, weakness and headache and more serious symptoms include bleeding, difficulty breathing, vomiting, facial swelling, pain in the chest, back, and abdomen and shock.

Prevention & Treatment:

  • The best way to avoid getting infected is to avoid contact with rats.
  • Ribavirin, an antiviral drug, has been used to successfully treat Lassa fever in patients.

Source: IE

Facts for Prelims :

Medaram Jathara Festival

  •  Medaram Jathara Festival is being celebrated from 16th-19th February 2022.

About Medaram Jatara:

  • It is a tribal festival of honouring the goddesses Sammakka and Saralamma celebrated in the state of Telangana, India. 
    • The Jathara was designated as a State Festival in 1996, owing to the festival’s popularity and auspicious importance.
  •  It commemorates the fight of a mother and daughter, Sammakka and Saralamma, with the reigning rulers against an unjust law.
  • It is celebrated once in two years in the month of “Magha” (February) on the full moon day.
  • It is the second-largest fair of India, after the Kumbh Mela, celebrated by the second-largest Tribal Community of Telangana- the Koya tribe for four days.
  • It is a festival with no vedic or Brahmanic influence.
  • At present, the Jathara festival is biennially celebrated and organized by the Koyas in collaboration with the Tribal Welfare Department, Government of Telangana.