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  • Be N By IAS, Delhi
  • 05, Feb 2021
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TAGS: GS-3: Science & Technology, IPRs


  • The Government has launched a campaign namely Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness Campaign (KAPILA) for
    • Intellectual property literacy and
    • Creating patent awareness
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Education
  • Objective:
    • Creating awareness regarding Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs),
    • Enabling of IP protection of inventions originating from faculty and students of HEIs,
    • Development of Credit Course on IPR,
    • Training program on IPR for faculty and students of HEIs and sensitization and development of vibrant IP filing system.
  • It was launched on 89th birth anniversary of former President and Scientist Late Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.


National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy 2016:

  • It was adopted in 2016 as a vision document to guide future development of IPRs in the country.
  • Theme: “Creative India; Innovative India”.
  • Seven objectives of IPR Policy:
    1. IPR Awareness: To create public awareness about the economic, social and cultural benefits of IPRs among all sections of society.
    2. Generation of IPRs: To stimulate the generation of IPRs.
    3. Legal and Legislative Framework: To have strong and effective IPR laws, which balance the interests of rights owners with larger public interest.
    4. Administration and Management: To modernize and strengthen service-oriented IPR administration.
    5. Commercialization of IPRs: Get value for IPRs through commercialization.
    6. Enforcement and Adjudication: To strengthen the enforcement and adjudicatory mechanisms for combating IPR infringements.
    7. Human Capital Development: To strengthen and expand human resources, institutions and capacities for teaching, training, research and skill building in IPRs.


  1. Paris Convention for Industrial Property, 1883 – Since it deals only with Industrial property, it covered only Patents and Trademarks. It was among first treaties to recognize various principles of international trade like National Treatment, Right of Priority, Common rules etc.
  2. Bern convention for literary and artistic works, 1886 – It provided for copyright system. It doesn’t provide for any formality to claim protection. Protection is automatically accorded to any creation, provided work is original.
  3. Madrid Agreement, 1881 – Governs the international recognition of trademarks. Made international fillings easy and cheap.
  4. Patent co-operation treaty, 1970 – Protection in different countries by single application. It was open for all parties to Paris convention.
  5. Budapest Treaty of 1980 – It made possible patenting for micro-organisms.
  6. Trademark Law Treaty, 1994 – Harmonized administrative procedures and introduced ‘service marks’ in ambit of trade marks. Earlier trademarks were accorded only to goods.
  7. The Hague agreement: concerning the International Deposit of ‘Industrial Design’ 1925 – It created International Design Bureau of WIPO.
  8. International Union for protection of new varieties of plants, 1961 – This provides breeders and farmers right to new plant varieties.

Source: PIB


Q. Recently Government has launched a campaign namely KAPILA for

  • a) Indigenous livestock sector
  • b) Intellectual property literacy
  • c) Scholarship programme for Science students
  • d) To promote Space programme