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Jal Jeevan Mission

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 07, Mar 2022
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Nine hundred and eighteen habitations, spread over five districts, are going to have combined water supply schemes at a cost of about Rs. 1,473 crore under the Jal Jeevan Mission.

  • The work on all the schemes is expected to be completed in two years.
  • The Central government’s share of the cost will be about Rs. 581.5 crore; the State government’s Rs. 884.3 crore; and the community contribution Rs. 7.4 crore.

What is Jal Jeevan Mission?

  • It is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India.
  • It envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • It also includes functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
  • The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. 
  • JJM focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
  • The Mission is based on a community approach to water.
    • It looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
  • It promotes and ensures voluntary ownership among local communities by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour.
  • Parent Ministry: Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti
  • Funding Pattern: The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
  • Four-tier implementation & monitoring of the scheme at National, State, District & village level.