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Green Revolution 2.0: RBI

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 21, Jan 2022
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Why in  News?

India needs a second green revolution along with the next generation of reforms with a view to make agriculture more climate-resistant and environmentally sustainable, said an RBI.


  • Agriculture has traditionally been the source of basic sustenance: of 70% of the population, which resides in rural India.
  • The Second Green Revolution: is a change in agricultural production widely thought necessary to feed and sustain the growing population on Earth. These calls came about as a response to rising food commodity prices and fears of peak oil, among other factors.

It is used to describe future widespread adoption of genetic engineering of new food crops for increased crop yield and nutrition.

  • Indian agriculture scaled new heights: with record production of various food grains, commercial and horticultural crops, exhibiting resilience and ensuring food security during the COVID-19 period.

Related Schemes:

  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN): The Central Sector Scheme aims to provide a payment of Rs. 6000 per year, in three 4-monthly installments of Rs. 2000 to the farmer’s families, subject to certain exclusions relating to higher-income groups.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY): It aims to provide old-age pension to farmers.
  • It focuses on providing a social security net for Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF) as they have minimal or no savings to provide for old age and to support them in the event of the consequent loss of livelihood.
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY): It was launched from the Kharif 2016 season and provides insurance cover for all stages of the crop cycle including post-harvest risks in specified instances, with a low premium contribution by farmers.
  • Per Drop More Crop Initiative: Under it, drip/sprinkler irrigation is being encouraged for optimal utilization of water, reducing the cost of inputs and increasing productivity.
  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY): It aims to promote organic farming.
  • Har Medh Par Ped: Under this initiative, agroforestry is being promoted for additional income.
  • Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA): It is aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce as announced in the Union Budget for 2018.
  • Kisan Credit Card (KCC): The Government has extended the facility of KCC to the farmers practicing animal husbandry and fisheries-related activities.
  • Operation Greens: It aims to address price volatility of perishable commodities like Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP).
  • PM Kisan Sampada Yojana: It aims to promote food processing in a holistic manner.
  • Initiating National Agriculture Market (eNAM): It is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.
  • National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA): It has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.

Issues/ Challenges:

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY): It has been formulated with the vision of extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko pani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop’ in a focused manner with end-to-end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.

Facts for Prelims :

Climate Hazards and Vulnerability Atlas of India:

Recently, the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) launched India’s 1st Climate Hazards and Vulnerability Atlas.

About The Climate Hazards and Vulnerability Atlas of India.

  • It is developed by the scientists at the Climate Research and Services (CRS) office of the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Pune.
  • It is based on 14 extreme weather events and the risks they pose to the local population, livelihoods and economy of each district.
    • The atlas features extreme rainfall, drought, coldwave, heatwave, dust storms, hail storms, thunderstorms, cyclones, snowfall, lightning, winds and fog.
  • The hazards and vulnerability values have been calculated utilising the Met department’s historical climate data.
  • Each weather phenomenon’s month-wise hazard levels posed to the respective district has been enlisted in this one-of-its-kind atlas.
    • In all, 640 maps are available in the online atlas.

 Royal Gold Medal 2022:

Architect Balkrishna Doshi will receive the Royal Gold Medal 2022, one of the world’s highest honours for architecture.

  • With a 70 year career and over 100 built projects, 94-year-old Mr. Doshi has influenced the direction of architecture in India and its adjacent regions through both his practice and his teaching.

Given in recognition of a lifetime’s work, the Royal Gold Medal is approved personally by Queen Elizebth II and is given to a person or group of people who have had a significant influence on the advancement of architecture