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Good Governance Index 2021

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 28, Dec 2021
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Why in News?

Good Governance Index 2021 was launched on the occasion of the Good Governance Day (December 25).

About the GGI:

Prepared by the Department of Administration Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG).

The objectives of GGI are to provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and union territories, enable them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance and shift to result oriented approaches and administration.

The GGI 2021 framework covered 10 sectors and 58 indicators:

The sectors are agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, human resource development, public health, public infrastructure and utilities, economic governance, social welfare and development, judicial and public security, environment and citizen-centric governance.

The GGI 2020-21 categorizes states and union territories into four categories:

Other states – Group A; other states – group B; North-East and hill states and union territories.

Performance of various states:

Gujarat has topped the composite ranking, followed by Maharashtra and Goa.

  • As many as 20 states have improved their composite GGI scores in 2021.
  • Delhi has topped the union territories category composite ranking.
  • Among the sectors, Uttar Pradesh secured top position in the commerce and industry sector.
  • In the Northeast and Hill States category, Mizoram, and Jammu and Kashmir have registered an overall increase of 4 per cent and 3.7 per cent respectively over GGI 2019.


Shrew species.

Prelims- Environment.

  • Researchers have identified 14 new species of shrews on an Indonesian island where seven in that genus were previously known.
  • They were named Crocidura mediocris,C. normalis,C. ordinaria, and C. solita.
  • All these organisms weighed ranging from about 3 grams just over one-tenth of an ounce.
  • The largest species had bodies averaging 95 millimeters, or about 3.7 inches long.

Source: The Indian Express.

Rogue planets.

Prelims- Science & Technology.

  • Astronomers have discovered the largest group of rogue planets.
  • Rogue planets do not orbit a star and exoplanet hunters have found few such planets in our galaxy.
  • The researchers found the rogue planets in a star-forming region located within the Scorpius and Ophiuchus constellations.
  • Scientists are studying rogue planets, to find clues to how these mysterious objects were formed.
  • There could be several billions of these free-floating giant planets roaming freely in the Milky Way without a host star.