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General Security of Military Information Agreement

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 13, Oct 2021
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It was signed in 2002.

It provides for specific measures to ensure security standards for safeguarding critical information shared by the US with India.

Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement

  • The two countries inked LEMOA in 2016.
  • It allows their militaries to use each other’s bases for repair and replenishment of supplies as well as provide for deeper cooperation.
  • This is not a basing agreement and is purely a logistical agreement.

Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement

  • Both countries signed it in 2018.
  • It provides for interoperability between the two militaries and provides for the sale of high-end technology from the US to India.
  • It is an India-specific version of the CISMOA.


30 by 30’ agenda:

A bold vision for the future: Protect 30 percent of lands and waters in the United States by 2030 to meet the challenge of climate change and provide space for wildlife and communities to thrive.

Biodiversity fund:

  • China on Tuesday pledged to inject $233 million into a new fund to protect biodiversity in developing countries during a key UN conservation summit, despite disagreements among major donors on the initiative. Beijing —
  • the world’s biggest polluter — has sought to play a more prominent role internationally on biodiversity conservation in recent years.

Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM:

  • Formed by an ordinance, “Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance 2020”, in October 2020. The Commission will be a statutory authority.
  • It will supersede bodies such as the central and state pollution control boards of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, UP and Rajasthan.