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Free Movement Regime (FMR)

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 07, Mar 2022
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Why in news?

India and Myanmar, are set to relax visa norms for land border crossing through Moreh (Manipur) and Tamu (Myanmar).

Key Highlights:

  • It will provide a major fillip to connectivity between the North-Eastern States and Myanmar.

NOTE: India and Myanmar share an unfenced border of 1,643 km, touching Arunachal Pradesh (520 km), Nagaland (215 km), Manipur (398 km) and Mizoram (510 km).

Free Movement Regime (FMR)

  • The Free Movement Regime is a unique travel arrangement between India and Myanmar.
  • FMR permits the tribes residing along the border to travel 16-km across the boundary without visa restrictions.
  • The FMR helps tribes across the border to maintain their age-old ties.
  • Currently, Indians travelling to Myanmar have to apply for a permit which takes 20-30 days to arrive. Also, for land travel, Indians have to pay $40 for a tour guide, over and above the visa fees.
  • Under the new norms, Myanmar will scrap the provision for a permit on land travel, making it easier for both tourists and business travellers to take the land route.
  • New visa norms will give a major boost to the trade ties between the North-East and Myanmar.
  • Improved connectivity will also help Manipur to attract patients from Myanmar to the super-speciality hospitals in the State.

Facts for Prelims:

SAAMAR Campaign:

The Jharkhand government announced the launch of SAAMAR (Strategic Action for Alleviation of Malnutrition and Anemia Reduction) campaign to tackle malnutrition in the state.

  • The campaign aims to identify anaemic women and malnourished children and converge various departments to effectively deal with the problem in a state where malnutrition has been a major problem.
  • AAMAR has been launched with a 1000 days target, under which annual surveys will be conducted to track the progress.