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Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 28, Mar 2022
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The bill will be tabled in the Parliament.

  • It aims to merge the Capital’s three municipal corporations — South, North and East — ten years after the trifurcation of the civic body.
  • In 2011, the state government had proposed the trifurcation for better efficiency.

Need for:

  • Problems of trifurcation: Uneven distribution of property tax between three civic bodies, inefficient management and growing losses, etc.
  • Gap in the resources available: Trifurcation was uneven in terms of the territorial divisions and revenue-generating potential of each corporation.

Constitutional Provisions related to Municipal Corporations:

  • In the Constitution of India, no provision was made for the establishment of local self-government, except the incorporation of Article 40 in the Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • The 74th Amendment Act, 1992 has inserted a new Part IX-A into the Constitution which deals with the administration of Municipalities and Nagar Palikas.
  • It consists of Article 243P to 243ZG. It also added a new twelfth schedule to the Constitution. The 12th schedule consists of 18 items.