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Circular Economy Hackathon

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 27, Oct 2021
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Why in News?

PM has recently addressed the India-Australia Circular Economy Hackathon (I-ACE)

What is Circular Economy?

It is an economy where products are designed for durability, reuse and recyclability and thus almost everything gets reused, remanufactured, and recycled into a raw material or used as a source of energy.

Efficient Use of Resources: It includes 3 R’s (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle), Refurbishment, Recover, and Repairing of materials.

Example: If a person is planning to discard his/her mobile, it can be given to someone else (i.e. giving the mobile second life-Reuse), rather than throwing it just like that.

Once the mobile reaches its end of life, it can be ensured that everything embedded in it, aluminum, copper, plastic etc. should be brought back to production cycle so that the circle of the economy gets completed.

Response to the Linear Process: Many countries follow a linear process in which raw materials are taken from the environment, turned into new products which are then disposed of after use.


For Industry:

  • Fulfills the need for raw materials:The output produced by industries in a circular economy comes back to the industries in the form of input, for example, when parts of a mobile will be segregated, copper and aluminum will become raw materials for some industries.
  • Efficient utilization of resources:This helps industries in earning cash profits equivalent to 3-5% of their turnover. Ultimately, QCDF (Quality, Cost, Delivery, and Flexibility) and sustainability level of industries get improved.

For Environment:

Problem of disposal of waste gets solved as in a circular economy, waste is converted into raw materials.

  • Also solves the problem of air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution.

For Consumers:

Cost-Effective: The products in the circular economy are more cost effective for consumers as they tend to be more efficient, besides having a longer shelf life.

  • Efficient Products:Increased Efficiency leads to a reduction in the cost of maintenance as well as that of disposal, which otherwise a consumer has to incur in a huge amount.

Facts  For Prelims:

ISL dictionary:

The third edition of the digital Indian Sign Language dictionary was launched recently.

  • It included 10,000 terms across six categories.
  • The dictionary was prepared by the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre under the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry.
  • ISLRTC is an autonomous body under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016recognizes Sign Language as a means of communication.