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Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 21, Dec 2021
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Why in News?

Recently ,Jia Rai, a 12-year-old girl from a naval family, swam 36 km to create awareness about autism spectrum disorder.

What is Autism?

  • Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder is a lifelong developmental disability that manifests itself during the first three years of life.
  • It results from a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain, mostly affecting children and adults in many countries irrespective of gender, race or socio-economic status.
  • It is characterized by impairments in social interaction, problems with verbal and non-verbal communication and restricted, repetitive behaviour, interests and activities.
  • Though there is no cure for it, therapeutic and behavioural guidance can considerably improve quality of life.


  • Failing to, or being slow to respond to someone calling their name
  • Echolalia (repeating the same phrase over and over)
  • Repetitive movements, such as flapping hands, rocking back and forth, or flicking fingers
  • limited interest in interacting with other people
  • over- or under-sensitivity to sensory stimuli, such as sounds, smells, colours and lights.
  • Getting upset by slight changes in a routine etc.

When was the day proclaimed?

  • The day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly through the resolution 62/139 and was passed in the UN Council on November 1, 2007.
  • It was in 2008 when the UN General Assembly unanimously declared 2 April as World Autism Awareness Day.
  • World Autism Day is also one of the only four official health-specific UN Days.


  • For people suffering from autism, the access to affordable assistive technologies is a must to enable them to exercise their basic human rights and thereby contribute to the understanding of the Sustainable Develop.

Facts  For Prelims:

ISL dictionary:

The third edition of the digital Indian Sign Language dictionary was launched recently.

  • It included 10,000 terms across six categories.
  • The dictionary was prepared by the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre under the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry.
  • ISLRTC is an autonomous body under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016recognizes Sign Language as a means of communication.