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Artemis Mission

  • Vaid's ICS, Lucknow
  • 26, Mar 2022
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Why in News?

  • Recently, NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket Artemis I rolled out from Kennedy Space Centre.

Artemis Mission


  • To land humans on the moon by 2024, and it also plans to land the first woman and first person of colour on the moon.
  • To contribute to scientific discovery and economic benefits and inspire a new generation of explorers.

Named after:

  • The twin sister of Apollo from Greek mythology.
  • Artemis is also the goddess of the moon.

About the mission:

  • Artemis I is the first of NASA’s deep space exploration systems.
  • It is touted as the next generation of lunar exploration.
  • It is an uncrewed space mission where the spacecraft will launch on SLS, the most powerful rocket in the world.
  • It will travel 2,80,000 miles from the earth for over four to six weeks during the course of the mission.

Launch dates:

  • Artemis 1: Summer 2022 (TBC)
  • Artemis 2: 2022-2023 (TBC)
  • Artemis 3: 2024


  • The Orion spacecraft is going to remain in space without docking to a space station, longer than any ship for astronauts has ever done before.

SLS Rocket:

  • The SLS rocket has been designed for space missions beyond low-earth orbit.
  • It can carry crew or cargo to the moon and beyond.

Artemis Base Camp:

  • Base camp will be established on the surface and a gateway in lunar orbit to aid exploration by robots and astronauts.
  • It will give astronauts a place to live and work on the moon.
  • It includes a modern lunar cabin, a rover, and a mobile home.

ISRO’s Attempt to Moon Exploration

Chandrayaan 1:  Chandrayaan-1 was the first lunar space probe of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

  • It began in 2007 with an agreement between India’s space agency ISRO and Russia’s ROSCOSMOS for mutual cooperation.
  • It confirmed the presence of lunar water and evidence of lunar caves formed by an ancient lunar lava flow.

Chandrayaan 2: It is India’s second mission to the moon and comprises a fully indigenous Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan).

Chandrayaan 3: The Chandrayaan-3 mission is a follow-up of Chandrayaan-2 of July 2019, which aimed to land a rover on the lunar South Pole.

Facts for Prelims :

5-95-95 Strategy:

  • The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS aims for HIV testing, treatment and viral suppression rates to be 95%–95%–95% by 2025.
    • Earlier, it was 90-90-90 Strategy. It calls for 90% of HIV-infected individuals to be diagnosed by 2020, 90% of whom will be on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and 90% of whom will achieve sustained virologic suppression by 2020.