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Alibaug White Onion gets GI tag

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 10, Nov 2021
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Context The Alibaug white onion was given the Geographical Indication (GI) tag, bringing worldwide recognition to its medicinal properties.

  • Alibaug, is a coastal town, just south of Mumbai, in the state of Maharashtra
  • Local farmers have preserved the seed for over two centuries. The onion is also mentioned in a government gazette published in 1883.

Key takeaways 

  • The soil of Alibaug taluka has low sulphur content. 
  • The onions have low pungency, sweet taste, ‘no tear’ factor, low pyruvic acid, high protein, fat and fibre content, besides high antioxidant compounds (quercetin). 
  • It boosts immunity, helps with insomnia, blood cleaning, blood pressure and heat-related ailments. 

What is GI tag? 

  • It is an indication which is definite to a geographical territory.
  • It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods.
  • The goods need to be produced or processed or prepared in that region. 
  • The product must have a special quality or reputation.
  • The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 provides registration and also protection of GI goods in India.
  • The Geographical Indications Registry for India is located in Chennai.
  • A registered GI tag prohibits a third party to use such products. 
  • GI is a collective intellectual property right and is thus owned by all the producers within the defined GI territory. 
  • Patents and trademarks are owned by an individual or a business entity.