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AI technologies and Climate

  • IAS NEXT, Lucknow
  • 04, Feb 2022
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Reference News:- 

Union government in the recent budget described AI as sunrise technology.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a wide-ranging branch of computer science concerned with building smart machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence. Some examples of Artificial Intelligence are

  • Siri, Alexa and other smart assistants
  • Self-driving cars
  • Robo-advisors
  • Conversational bots
  • Email spam filters
  • Netflix’s recommendations

How AI can help in tackling Climate Change?

The great strength of AI lies in its ability to learn by experience, collecting massive amounts of data from its environment, intuiting connections that humans fail to notice, and recommending appropriate actions on the basis of its conclusions. 

  • Entities looking to reduce their carbon footprint should turn the AI spotlight on all three components of the effort:
  • Monitoring Emissions. Entities can use AI-powered data engineering to automatically track emissions throughout their carbon footprint. 
    • They can arrange to collect data from operations and from every part of the value chain, including materials and components suppliers, transporters, and even downstream users of their products. 
    • By layering intelligence onto the data, AI can generate approximations of missing data and estimate the level of certainty of the results.
  • Predicting Emissions. Predictive AI can forecast future emissions across a the entities carbon footprint, in relation to current reduction efforts, new carbon reduction methodologies, and future demand. As a result, they can set, adjust, and achieve reduction targets more accurately.
  • Reducing Emissions. By providing detailed insight into every aspect of the value chain, prescriptive AI and optimization can improve efficiency in production, transportation, and elsewhere, thereby reducing carbon emissions and cutting costs.