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  • Be N By IAS, Delhi
  • 08, Feb 2021
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For: GS-2: Governance, GS-3: Land reforms


  • The Uttar Pradesh government has launched a new system under which every piece of land in the state will be assigned a 16-digit unique code
  • Aim: To prevent fraud and cheating in sale and purchase of land.


  • Transparent for All: People will now be able to “access all details of any piece of land across the state with a single click from a computer”.
  • Include information: The 14-digit code will have details
    • Based on the population for the village, and the code will also have
    • Land division details and also the
    • Category of land.
  • The first six digits will be based on the population of the land, while the next 4 digits will determine the unique identity of the land.
  • The digits from 11 to 14 will be the number of the division of the land.
  • The last 2 digits will have the details of the category, through which, the agricultural, residential and commercial land will be identified.


  • “The unique code will help officials identify and stop fraudulent transactions of land.
  • Old and new Owners: In the database, along with old owners the new owners will also be identified and fed into the database,” said the spokesperson.
  • Game-changer: Calling the move a “game-changer” in terms of preventing fraud in land sale and purchase.
  • Land Dispute: The state witnesses several disputes in terms of ancestral land and in land transactions.
  • Work in Progress: The survey for the database has already been started in the 75 districts in the state.”


  • “The Revenue and Agriculture department will carry out the exercise to mark the land in state.
  • The work of marking the disputed plots in the computerised management system is being done by the revenue courts.”


  • SWAMITVA: SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) scheme is a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India.
    • It aims to provide an integrated property validation solution for rural India
  • Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP): The main aims of DILRMP are to usher in a system of updated land records, automated and automatic mutation, integration between textual and spatial records, inter-connectivity between revenue and registration, to replace the present deeds registration.


  • Bhoomi project: It was undertaken and developed by the State Government of Karnataka. It was done so in order to computerize all the records of the land in Karnataka.
  • Bhudhaar: This is an initiative of by Andhra Pradesh. Under this each land parcel will be given an 11-digit Bhudhaar number. It will help in easy identification of the details of the land parcel.
  • Mahabhulekh: It is initiative of Maharashtra government to issue digitally signed 7/12 and land record.

Source: Indian Express