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U.P. tops list of States emitting fine particulate matter

  • Integrity Education, Delhi
  • 07, Oct 2021
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  • Uttar Pradesh is the largest emitter of PM2.5, the class of particulate matter considered most harmful to health, according to an analysis by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW).
  • The Council on Energy, Environment and Water, commonly known as CEEW, is a Delhi-based not-for-profit policy research institution
  • The high emissions from U.P. were largely due to a significant share of PM2.5 emissions from solid fuel use in households and, by virtue of being India’s most populous State.

The five data sources used are:

  • Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), maintained by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre
  • Evaluating the Climate and Air Quality Impacts of Shortlived Pollutants (ECLIPSE), maintained by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
  • Regional Emission Inventory in Asia (REAS), maintained by the National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan (NIES)
  • Speciated Multipolluter Generator (SMoG), maintained by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT Bombay)
  • Spatially resolved pollution emission inventory for India, maintained by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI).

Government Initiatives to reduce pollution
India has a National Clean Air Campaign (NCAP) that aims to reduce pollution in 122 of the most polluted cities by 2024.