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NCRB Report & Organic Farming

  • 08, Jan 2021
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Why In News

The National Crimes Record Bureau (NCRB) has released the annual Crime in India 2019 report.

Key Findings :

  • Increase in crimes against members of the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and the Scheduled Tribes (STs) : There is an increase of over 7% and 26% in 2019 compared with the 2018 figures.
  • Increase of over 1.6% in the registration of cases over 2018.
  • Uttar Pradesh recoreded the highest number of crimes against the SCs in 2019,. followed by Rajasthan and Bihar.
  • Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against STs, followed by Rajasthan, and Odisha.
  • In the number of cases of rape of women belonging to the SCs, Rajasthan topped the list followed by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of cases against the STs, followed by Rajasthan and Odisha.
  • The highest number of incidents of rape of tribal women was registered in Madhya Pradesh.

Overall crimes against women:

A total of 4,05,861 cases of crime against women were registered in 2019 compared to 3,78,236 cases in 2018, showing an increase of 7.3%.

Why survey is criticized?
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative (CHRI), a police reforms advocacy group, said few cases were being registered for specific discriminatory action against SCs and STs.

  • The low percentage of cases registered indicates that very few cases alleging specific discriminatory actions on the basis of caste and tribal identity that are defined as atrocities under Section 3 of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities Act), 1989 are being registered on their own.
  • Such actions are registered mainly when accompanied by any of the IPC offences.
  • Also, there is no data on total complaints received on crimes against the Scheduled Castes.