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King Chilli ‘Raja Mircha’ from Nagaland

  • Integrity Education, Delhi
  • 29, Jul 2021
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  • Why in news: a consignment of ‘Raja Mircha’ also referred as king chilli from Nagaland was today exported to London via Guwahati by air for the first time.
  • King Chilli is considered as world’s hottest based on the Scoville Heat Units (SHUs).
  • The chilli from Nagaland is also referred as Bhoot Jolokia and Ghost pepper.
  • It got GI certification in 2008.

Scoville Heat Units

  • Scoville heat units, also known as SHU is simply a measurement of the number of times capsaicin needs to be diluted by sugar-water.
  • The number of Scoville Heat Units (SHU) in a pepper or even hot sauce indicates the amount of capsaicin present.
  • The higher the Scoville rating, the hotter the pepper.